President of Uruguay at the Millennium Summit in 2000: “Free trade, of which so much is said and so little done, is today more necessary than ever in a world made smaller and more interdependent by the phenomenon of globalization”
The process of globalization lends even greater urgency to the call by the developing countries for genuinely free international trade. There can be no development without trade and Uruguay therefore reaffirms the vital importance of market rules, the elimination of protectionism and of the practice of subsidies in vital areas of our economy, such as agriculture and textiles. Uruguay aspires to a multilateral system of open and transparent trade, in which open markets and the elimination of tariff and non-tariff barriers enable us to take advantage of the comparative advantages of our economies and facilitate our competitive insertion into the global economy. Uruguay also defends regional integration as an effective instrument of development which complements efforts to liberalize and open up economies within the framework of the new international trade regulations that have emerged from the Uruguay Round Agreements of GATT under which the WTO was created.
The launching of a new round of multilateral trade negotiations in Doha, the International Conference on Financing for Development, the World Food Summit, and the World Summit on Sustainable Development have all been gatherings with high political content and the implementation of their outcomes must be done in a balanced way in order to fulfill the obligations of both the industrialized and the developing countries in the international field.
Uruguay sees the need to bring the Doha round back into the fold because without multilateral agreements we cannot move forward and share the benefits of free trade.
We firmly believe that armament in particular is a significant drain on any country’s budget because it utilizes a huge chunk of the available budget. The money used for disarmament might very well be used to fund social welfare of a particular country or any other programs that brings good health and longevity to its citizens. Therefore, we would like steer away countries including Uruguay away from the costly security policies towards disarmament.
The agreement that the country of Uruguay has on nuclear energy with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is not yet fool-proof from at any event of nuclear energy misuse or usage of nuclear power as arms. As detailed in the second provision of the protocol, Uruguay is not required to provide the IAEA with a detailed nuclear material accountability; instead the country is only required to provide information on location, operational status and current annual production capacity of uranium mines and concentration plants for Uruguay as a whole. Therefore, we would like see that Uruguay be providing the IAEA with a detailed nuclear material accountancy.
Furthermore, the amount of nuclear material that is presently being allowed to be transported into and out of Uruguay in our estimation is rather large amounts, which are ten metric tons of uranium and/or twenty tons of thorium annually. These amounts could be greatly decreased for a non-nuclear country like Uruguay.
We would support the UN in the creations of programs that will foster economic growth and suggest that incentive be given to countries that register under the arms control association of the UN.
Uruguayan Position on Regional Cooperation and Counterterrorism
Uruguay is a leading Latin American country on both the fronts of regional and multilateral cooperation in improving human rights and achieving the Millennium Development Goals; it also is making great efforts in signing treaties dealing with antiterrorism efforts. On the issue of the MDGs, it is the only Latin American country where inequality has not increased during the past decade. The front running achievements regarding the MDGs are in relation to education and health. Uruguay is also making progress in the sector of human rights. As of now it has signed and ratified eight of the nine human rights treaties. Uruguay also believes that strong regional and multilateral cooperation is the best weapon against terrorism. Not only are they strong on terrorism, but on the financing of it as well. On January 30, 2007, Uruguay ratified the Hemispheric Anti- Terrorism Treaty. Along with this treaty it is also part of the Declaration of Lima to Prevent, Combat and Eliminate Terrorism and the Inter-American Committee against Terrorism. All together Uruguay is a party to twelve treaties regarding anti-terrorism.