It is said that necessity is the mother of invention. In the early 19th century America necessity stepped into the political arena- thus the second party system was born.
With the panic of 1819 and the Missouri compromise fully underway, some American Republican grew leery. They saw their party as losing touch with what was best for the country and wished for a return to principles that had Jefferson had founded it upon. By the election of 1824 Jefferson’s Republican Party had basically collapsed. Different candidates, with alternative views struggled with each other for control of the party and the nation. This was especially evident in the election of 1824 when John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, William H. Crawford and Andrew Jackson ran for the office of President. When the election was over it was Jackson who had been assumed to have won since as our text points out “Jackson’s support was not only larger but also more nearly national than that of his opponents” (textbook, p 338). However, under electoral statute he fell just 32 votes shy of securing his win. There for it was up to the House of Representatives to choose between the three top candidates. Under what became know as the corrupt bargain it was John Quincy Adams that became president. Johnson, as any candidate would felt robbed. Our text states that “Although in the campaign he had made only vague policy statements, he had firm ideas of what had gone wrong with the republic” (textbook, p 339). Over the course of Adams presidency those firm ideals increased. The text goes on, “Like hundreds of thousand other Americans, Jackson sensed that something had gone wrong with the republic- that selfishness and intrigue had corrupted the government” (textbook, p 339). Continue reading